이스라엘과 중국 합작사인 코로스(Qoros)가 만든 Q3 세단 고화질 사진들
이스라엘과 중국 합작사인 코로스(Qoros)가 만든 Q3 세단 고화질 사진들
호주 2014 홀덴 차세대 VF 코모도어 원본 사진들. 미국에선 쉐보레 SS 스포츠 세단으로 판매될 예정인 모델임.
The most technologically-advanced car ever created in Australia has broken cover.
Unveiled at an exclusive event in Melbourne’s stylish Docklands, Holden’s new VF Commodore also spearheads a new export campaign to the USA in the form of the Chevrolet SS Sports Sedan. It brings in a host of new technologies that make it not only the best Commodore ever, but also one that is safer, more user-friendly and more fuel efficient.
It also brings new levels of luxury and refinement to the large car segment, with a sumptuous new interior to match its upmarket exterior.
“The VF Commodore really is a class above,” said Holden Chairman and Managing Director Mike Devereux. “No other car created in Australia is as technologically advanced, and we’re very proud that not only was the VF designed and engineered here, but it will also be exported to the USA for GM’s biggest global brand, Chevrolet.”
The VF Commodore, which will be built at Holden Vehicle Operations in the Adelaide suburb of Elizabeth, South Australia, highlights Holden’s advanced global design capability and promises a driving experience on a par with top-marque competitors.
It will also be more fuel efficient. Thanks in part to the Federal Government’s grant of $39.8 million through the Green Car Innovation Fund, it features lightweight aluminium panels along with other fuel saving features such as electric power steering. It is also more aerodynamic than the VE Commodore it will replace.
Among its many new technology features are some significant safety and driver friendly elements.
Key convenience features include Auto Park Assist on all models, where the driver operates the pedals but the car effectively parks itself. Unlike many similar systems, it also allows drivers to choose between a parallel or 90 degree angle park. It also gets the latest version of Holden’s innovative MyLink infotainment system and keyless entry and start.
Safety features include Reverse Traffic Alert, which warns of vehicles passing when reversing out of spaces, Blind Spot Alert, Forward Collision Alert, Lane Departure Warning and a Head-Up Display, which projects vital safety information such as the car’s speed directly onto the windscreen.
The new Calais V-Series sedan, on which the show car is based, will headline an extensively upgraded VF Commodore model range that goes on sale mid-year.
“Our aim with the new VF Commodore was to create a car that challenged some of the broader perceptions people have about the traditional Australian-made large car,” said Holden Chairman and Managing Director Mike Devereux.
“We have created a car that not only serves the loyal buyers who continue to make Commodore one of the most popular cars in Australia, but also a new breed of discerning customer who wants higher levels of luxury and technology in their car.
“When it goes on sale, it will offer levels of quality and sophistication to rival some of the best cars in the world.”
The VF Commodore was designed and engineered at Holden’s headquarters in Port Melbourne, Victoria.
Holden’s Director of Design, Andrew Smith, said the VF exterior design was a precise, contemporary execution that held true to the dynamic poise of its predecessor.
“We’ve taken a powerful existing form and brought it up to another level, with the feeling now about projecting a real sense of quality and technological aptitude,” he said.
“The styling is characterised by sculpted forms and richer detailing. There’s more gleam and polish at every point and careful attention to detail everywhere you look, from the vibrant front fascias and projector headlamp treatments through to the all-new rear end graphics.
“And the key interior elements are entirely new: instrument panel, console, cockpit, seats, steering wheel, switches, shifters, textures, you name it, no detail has escaped attention.
“Our designers set out with deliberate intent to exceed expectations by creating a cabin with premium large car ambience – a wow factor, if you like – that’s characterised by a fresh sense of luxury, comfort and convenience.
“It’s a carefully cohesive design which echoes the detailed aesthetic of the exterior and places emphasis on rich, tactile materials and technical refinement. The ergonomic integration is excellent yet it retains a completely intuitive Holden feel”.
“These vehicles reflect the truly international nature of our business and they can certainly hold their own anywhere in the world”.
Holden’s range-topping V-Series Calais spearheads a strategy aimed at extending its upmarket luxury car appeal to a broader band of buyers.
VF’s polished good looks owe much to great bone structure. The brilliant silhouette and athletic, wide track stance that made the award-winning 2006 VE Commodore an automotive style icon now reinforce a street-smart new look that’s fresher, more sophisticated and aerodynamically advanced.
The Calais V’s streamlined exterior is also more aerodynamically efficient than the model it replaces. Given improved fuel economy as a major VF program target, Holden designers and engineers made extensive use of virtual modelling and wind tunnel technology to create a slippery new shape.
The cabin design was driven by the requirement to integrate a raft of advanced driver assistance and infotainment technologies and to meet demanding GM global benchmarks.
Given the opportunity to make extensive changes, the Holden interior design team went for it full-on. Their aim was to define new targets for perception of quality and interior harmony, using ‘best of the best’ benchmarking data.
The result is a significant step forward in terms of craftsmanship, custom-tailored materials, fit and finish, ergonomic layout and all-round driving comfort.
- All-new instrument panel with integrated centre stack and cowled instrument dials combines infotainment, climate and other controls into a contemporary piece of modern electronics
- Stylish new seat designs feature new structures and luxury comfort profiles
- Quality, layered trim finishes in smooth soft-feel leather and suede with perforated leather inserts are accented by twin-needle stitching
- Strokes of bright and galvano silver chrome and metallic embellishments gleam against jet black and light titanium background hues
- Ice blue ambient lighting illuminates a re-designed centre console with versatile small item storage solutions and maxi cup holders
- Ergonomic improvements include a new steering wheel design and a console-mounted electric park brake button (goodbye handbrake lever).
- Power window switches are relocated to the armrests, the boot release control to the driver’s door
VF’s evolutionary exterior design is a dynamic, mature execution – more sculptural and highly refined, with exceptional finishes, richer detailing, bright and jewelled accents.
- Up front: the higher, wider front end features complex hood surfacing with a subtle central power bulge; raking spears point focus at prominent signature trapezoidal grilles
- Jewelled halogen projector headlamps incorporate a ‘curved blade’ park lamp effect
- Lower air intakes are flanked by LED daytime running lamps and fog lamps
- New front fenders complement the flared, aero-sculpted wheel arches
- In profile: all potency and forward movement with an upper decklid line that kicks into a slim integrated spoiler; chrome fender vents, larger, multi-spoke, machine-faced wheels
- At the rear: a wider, more planted stance. Streamlined, uncluttered graphics are dominated by intricately jewelled new tail lamps that extend into the decklid
F1의 강자로 떠오른 2013 레드블 RB9 F1 머신 고화질 사진들
2009년 제네바모터쇼에 컨셉트카 형태로 출품되었고 2011년 출시된 스파이커의 2세대 기함 뉴 C8 에일레론(SPYKER C8 AILERON) 바탕화면급 사진들.
아우디 V8 4.2리터 엔진을 달고 제로백 4.5초, 최고속 300km/h를 자랑한다.
1 March 2011
SPYKER C8 AILERON: THE NEXT GENERATION LUXURY SUPERCAR
All-new, long wheelbase models continue heritage of performance, craftsmanship and exclusivity
The all-new Spyker C8 Aileron marks the next step in Spyker’s evolution. Initially unveiled as a concept at the 2009 Geneva International Motor Show, series production is ramping up at a purpose-built facility – operated by world-class specialist coachbuilder, CPP – in Coventry, UK. Customer deliveries begin in April and the order book stretches twelve months ahead.
Inspired by the company’s aviation heritage, Spyker’s second-generation sports car features cues from second-generation aircraft propulsion, highlighting the turbine blade, rather than the propeller which adorned many elements of Spyker’s first generation, short wheelbase cars.
With sleek aerodynamics, a long GT wheelbase, luxurious and spacious cabin and world-class ZF six-speed automatic transmission, the new C8 Aileron broadens the appeal of the Spyker brand while maintaining the marque’s exclusivity.
Second-generation design exploits advanced computer aids
The design of the hand-crafted Spyker C8 Aileron represents the latest evolution of Spyker’s signature styling, which is heavily inspired by the company’s aviation heritage. In the first-generation cars, the propeller design was consistently applied to many elements of the vehicles. With the design of the new Spyker C8 Aileron, the emphasis is shifted from propeller propulsion to turbine propulsion. As a result, detailing on the car, such as the bright polished air inlets, are turbine-engine-shaped air scoops.
The C8 Aileron’s beautiful lines are complemented by minimal ‘shut’ lines and an uncompromised design made possible by the use of superformed aluminium body panels. The superforming process heats aluminium to 500 degrees Celsius and then vacuum forms the metal onto an inverted mould over a 30 minute period. Additionally, there are no breaks along the entire path of the door ring seals, guaranteeing maximum integrity against the elements.
At the front, the style of the C8 Aileron’s headlights is particularly eye-catching as they flow seamlessly from the body design. This characteristic styling can be defined as a part of the next generation Spyker identity, first seen on the Spyker C12 Laturbie prototype and subsequently in the Spyker D8 Peking-to-Paris prototype.
Latest-generation LEDs are used for the front and rear turn indicators and the sidelights within the sharply-styled headlight units.
Styling and functionality are harmonised in several characteristics of the car. The cockpit canopy, for example, is extended rearwards to optimise the aerodynamic performance of the car. Most of the shark-like gills of the C8 Aileron’s predecessors have been abandoned, which results in a cleaner, smoother appearance. The front end is characterised by a large grille that has spectacular visual impact and also allows maximum flow of cooling air. The rear diffuser is crucial to the cars stability at speed, with a spoiler placed under the diffuser, providing additional downforce to boost the ground effect forces produced by the under-car airflow and the diffuser.
V8 powertrain and automatic drivetrain
The Spyker C8 Aileron’s performance is visceral, vibrant and alive. Power comes from a naturally aspirated Audi 4.2-litre V8 petrol engine. This power unit features a 90-degree angle block, 40 valves (five valves-per-cylinder, three intake and two exhaust), and variable valve timing.
Highly responsive, the V8 generates 400 ps at 6,800 rpm and an immense wave of torque (480 Nm at just 3,500 rpm), to ensure thrilling drivability.
Strong torque, high power, sleek aerodynamics, modest car weight and an excellent power-to-weight ratio all result in sensational acceleration: 0-to-100 kph in 4.5 seconds and a top speed of 300 kph.
As standard, the engine is fitted with a long-life stainless steel exhaust system tuned to put the driver ‘truly in touch with their senses’. This system uses noise-dampening reed valves to create a quieter drive below 3,500 rpm. The valves naturally open as engine speed rises above this figure, allowing the exhaust gases to travel straight out of the tailpipes to improve exhaust flow, performance and depth of sound. An optional ‘Sport mode exhaust system’ can be fitted, allowing the driver to manually overrule the valves, for a sportier sound throughout the entire engine rev range.
Marking a ‘first’ for Spyker, the C8 Aileron’s engine is mated to an automatic transmission that provides seamless, yet instant, progression through the gears. The highly regarded six-speed ZF gearbox features a regular torque converter and offers drivers a choice of fully automatic or clutch-less sequential manual gear shifting using the standard paddle shifts mounted behind the steering wheel.
The transmission selection operation retains Spyker’s trademark exposed gear change mechanism that provides a sense of occasion and proves that aesthetics and function go hand-in-hand.
The aluminium paddle shift controls are substantive and easy to reach. They do not rotate with the steering wheel, allowing the driver to easily identify the up-shift and down-shift paddles, regardless of the steering wheel’s angle.
In line with Spyker’s philosophy of delivering an undiluted sportscar driving experience, the drivetrain is not equipped with a limited-slip differential or any other mechanical or electronic aids.
Ultra-stiff, all-aluminium space frame chassis
Spyker’s engineering team conceived an all-new all-aluminium space frame structure for the C8 Aileron with the objective of maximised torsional and flexural rigidity. It provides an excellent foundation for the tailor-engineered suspension system.
Spyker allocated huge resources to optimise the performance and efficiency of the spaceframe chassis. Among other results of this attention to detail is the adoption of one-piece side sills that make an important contribution to chassis stiffness. The utilisation of modern finite element analysis and numerical optimisation methods allowed Spyker’s engineers to create a new chassis and bodywork style which boasts an exceptional torsional stiffness of 29,500 Nm/degree.
State-of-the-art rigid-node and load-path technology was employed to ensure that the optimal grade and quantity of aluminium is used to achieve this performance, thus minimising the overall weight of the vehicle. The production chassis weighs just 230 kg.
Dynamic stiffness characteristics of the structure have also been carefully tuned in order to minimise unwanted cabin noises and vibrations, which may otherwise detract from the superlative driving experience. These technologies and measures have allowed Spyker to arrive at the most efficient chassis in its history.
All-new suspension and running gear
The C8 Aileron is fitted with a brand-new fully independent double-wishbone suspension system (front and rear). This multi-adjustable suspension system incorporates a new kinematic layout of the front and rear suspension systems.
Stabiliser bars are fitted front and rear, together with mono-tube dampers and coil over damper steel springs integrating the spring with the near-vertical shock absorber.
An optional hydraulic ride height elevation system is available to ensure safe passage over speed humps and steep ramp angles. It raises the ride height by 45 mm.
The suspension components are made of forged aluminium wherever possible to keep the C8 Aileron’s unsprung weight to a minimum. This goal is also supported by the use of special lightweight alloy wheels, which weigh just 36% of an equivalent steel wheel, and alloy brake callipers.
As standard, the Aileron is equipped with newly-designed and unique 19-inch 12-spoke alloy wheels. New, high-impact, 12-blade 19-inch directional Rotorblade™ wheels are available as an option. These optional wheels are inspired by the turbine blades of a jet engine, echoing the new styling direction for Spyker, while acknowledging the company’s aviation heritage. The C8 Aileron’s generously proportioned tyres – 235/35 ZR19 (front) and 295/30 ZR19 (rear) – provide exceptional grip and progressive handling.
A stiff chassis, well balanced weight distribution (45/55 front/rear), and rear wheel drive, ensure that the C8 Aileron posses excellent steering ‘feel’. The speed-sensitive rack and pinion system has hydraulic power assistance and requires 2.75 turns of the steering wheel lock-to-lock.
As appropriate for a supercar with the performance potential of the C8 Aileron, the braking system is immensely powerful. Designed and supplied by AP Racing, a Spyker partner from day one, the system features ventilated and cross-drilled steel discs front and rear for rapid dispersion of heat. Black brake callipers with the Spyker script in silver are fitted as standard. Colour-coded callipers with Spyker script in silver can be ordered as an option.
Hand-crafted cabin with comfort and space aplenty
The Spyker C8 Aileron has been designed to offer ample interior space for 98th percentile occupants, an unequivocally comfortable experience for driver and passenger, and exceptional, but truly unique, ergonomics. As standard, each C8 Aileron is fitted with driver and passenger front airbags.
The interior, with its signature Spyker attention to detail, is made of the highest quality leather. The leather interior is available in 14 standard colours, but a wide variety of other colours – to suit individual customer preferences – can be ordered as an option. Spyker’s trademark diamond stitched quilted interior trim finish is available as an option – as are Alcantara® and a duo-tone cabin.
The C8 Aileron’s interior amplifies further the signature Spyker aviation theme. The brushed aluminium dashboard is an all-new design aligned paving the way for a new next-generation Spyker identity and also to maximise ergonomics, solid tactility and straightforward functionality. A turned aluminium dashboard, as seen on planes in the 1920s and 1930s, and Chronoswiss dials and switches are available as an option. The air vents are designed in turbine style. Even the Spyker characteristic floor-mounted pedal box is exquisite in its detailing.
A LCD display is integrated between the speedometer and the odometer to show the current selection and status of the in-car entertainment options offered by the standard Kharma sound system accommodated in the centre console.
Exclusive Kharma in-car entertainment
Over the past decade, Spyker customers have clearly indicated a preference for their cars to feature a ‘standard’ factory-fit sound system and also a desire for their cars to feature iPod and mobile device compatibility.
Spyker has teamed up with one of the leading manufacturers of high-end sound systems, Kharma International of The Netherlands. Every Spyker C8 Aileron will be equipped with a sound system of unprecedented quality. The standard ‘Reference’ Kharma sound system, incorporates a FM/AM radio, iPod connectivity and USB inputs. The highly-specified standard system features two high-end Matrix amplifiers with an impressive 300 Watt combined output, two tweeters, two door speakers and two front speakers. Customers can choose to upgrade to the optional ‘Grand Reference’ audio package that features three high-end Matrix amplifiers, increases total output to 450 watts, and a double-coiled subwoofer with extended linear excursion.
The presence of a Kharma sound system in the C8 Aileron marks the Dutch ultra-premium audio brand’s debut in the world of automotive entertainment.
To operate the Aileron’s in-car entertainment systems, a unique EBS head unit gives the driver complete control over all functions – including the Kharma sound system, Bluetooth connectivity and the satellite navigation system, where fitted. The head unit is operated by a bespoke touchpad control panel located on the transmission tunnel, and selections are displayed on the 3.5-inch LCD display screen, integrated into the dashboard.
In keeping with Spyker’s brand values, the Human-Machine Interface (HMI) behind the infotainment system has been designed specifically for its application in Aileron.
Spyker C8 Aileron Spyder concept
Scheduled to go into production in 2012, the Spyder concept was first unveiled at the 59th Pebble Beach Concours d’Elegance in California in August 2009, and made its European debut at the Geneva International Motor Show in 2010.
The Spyder concept sports a high-quality, semi-automatic canvas soft-top with integrated glass rear windscreen. The roof operation is electric/hydraulic, secured by one central latch operated manually. Once folded, the soft-top is totally enclosed within the body of the car, ensuring a clean, undisturbed profile.
The roof retracts under an aluminium tonneau, with two buttresses upholstered in quilted leather matching the car’s interior and featuring the company’s motto ‘Nulla Tenaci Invia Est Via’: for the tenacious, no road is impassable.
The Spyder concept features a luggage rack, CNC-machined from solid billets of aluminium, mounted immediately behind the roll hoops, on which its wing-shaped aluminium case can be strapped. The case is trimmed in the same quilted leather as the interior and buttresses.
(All prices quoted are exclusive of local taxes, fees, and delivery charges unless otherwise stated.)
Americas US$ 214,990
UK £ 194,000 on-the-road
Germany € 236,215 on-the-road
Europe € 198,500
Russia € 161,000
Middle East US$ 244,990
스파이커 C8 Laviolette & Spyder 원본 사진들 .
아우디의 V8 4.2f리터 400마력 엔진을 달았다.
SPYKER C8 SPYDER AND C8 LAVIOLETTE
The original and iconic Spyker supercars retain their timeless appeal
The Spyker C8 Spyder was the first modern Spyker unveiled after Victor Muller reintroduced the brand in 2000. Unveiled at the Birmingham Motor Show in 2000, the stunning C8 Spyder was the highly successful first realisation of Muller’s vision of a company producing what no other automotive brand does: a beautiful supercar of utmost quality and craftsmanship with the performance to match its exquisite uncompromised interior and stunning exterior design. And the C8 Spyder sports direct references to the aviation heritage of the first trailblazing Spyker company of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. At its launch it represented the start of an incredible journey and it remains an iconic supercar.
The Spyker C8 Laviolette fixed head coupe soon followed the C8 Spyder. Launched at the Amsterdam Motor Show in February 2001 and technically similar to the C8 Spyder, the C8 Laviolette is an elegant car which offers all the excitement of driving in a high power sports coupe – its glass canopy reminiscent of a modern jet fighter.
Spyker C8 Spyder: delivering uncompromised open-air thrills
As the first modern day Spyker, the C8 Spyder was conceived with powerful styling that boasts purposeful, bold and distinctive lines. The C8 Spyder was designed to remain timeless, and looks as impressive and relevant today as it did at launch more than ten years ago.
At the heart of the styling of the C8 Spyder is an explicit recognition of Spyker’s aviation heritage. This is exhibited through the countless design cues paying homage to early propeller aircraft, such as the exterior side-mounted polished aluminium air intake scoops behind the doors and, inside, the propeller rotor dash air vents.
Further bold styling statements include the wing mirrors, which are mounted within dramatic single-piece sculpted polished aluminium arms which extend gracefully from the top of the forward edge of the door. The electric/hydraulic-lift scissor doors provide a sense of high drama every time the driver and passenger enter and exit the cabin.
The lightweight manually-operated one-piece fabric roof is available in fifteen standard colours, or in the customer’s colour of choice as an option. The car was designed from the
outset as a Spyder, and as such the strength of the A-pillars was deliberately specified to allow the omission of a header rail atop the windscreen. As there is no obstruction from the top of the dashboard and the bonnet line to beyond the vertical, the view for driver and passenger is unspoilt, pure and utterly spectacular. This harks back to vintage cabriolets of the first half of the last century and is unique amongst modern supercars.
Spyker C8 Laviolette: inspirational and dramatic fixed-head motoring
Launched soon after the C8 Spyder, in 2001, the fixed-head C8 Laviolette provides similarly exceptional visibility and a ‘virtual open-air’ experience thanks to its glass roof construction. The design is deliberately intended to harness the unique styling lines laid down by the C8 Spyder.
The header rail, finished in polished aluminium, makes the car look longer and lower, giving it a powerfully low stance. The roofline is extended by the rear window, which gives the C8 Laviolette the same pure lines as the C8 Spyder. The exquisite intake duct in the roof feeds cool air into the engine bay and also enhances the jet fighter looks of the glass canopy.
The Laviolette name pays tribute to Joseph Valentin Laviolette, the Belgian engineer who was responsible for the development of the first Spyker models in the early years of the 20th century, including the spectacular Spyker 60HP, the world‘s first six-cylinder four-wheel drive car.
Large capacity V8 power delivers a 300 kph top speed
Power for the C8 Spyder and C8 Laviolette models is provided by a naturally aspirated 4.2-litre Audi petrol engine, which is also fitted in Spyker’s new flagship C8 Aileron. This highly responsive 90-degree V8 power unit generates 400 ps at 6,800 rpm and an immense wave of torque with 480 Nm at just 3,500 rpm. Drive to the rear wheels is transferred through a manual six-speed Getrag gearbox.
With excellent power-to-weight ratios, both the C8 Spyder and C8 Laviolette accelerate from 0-to-100 kph in just 4.5 seconds and go on to reach a top speed of 300 kph.
Lightweight chassis and adjustable suspension
The short wheelbase models – so-called because the all-new Aileron boasts a longer wheelbase – feature a lightweight all-aluminium spaceframe structure. Although the C8 Laviolette is fractionally heavier than its open top counterpart (a mere 25 kilograms) it matches the impressive performance, agility and handling of the C8 Spyder.
Every short wheelbase Spyker C8 features fully adjustable suspension fabricated in stainless steel. To suit the wishes of its owner, a choice of ‘comfort’ and ‘competition’ set-ups is available, so the car can just as easily be configured for a long cross-country grand tour or a flat-out stint at the racetrack. This adjustability not only makes the iconic C8 supercars very versatile, it also reminds owners of the old days of motoring and racing, when many sportscar owners drove to the racetrack in the same car in which they competed.
Brakes, wheels and tyres
The C8 Spyder and C8 Laviolette are both fitted with a twin-circuit braking system with an adjustable brake balance, large diameter 356 mm (front) and 330 mm (rear) ventilated disc brakes, plus powerful six-piston aluminium brake calipers (front), four-piston aluminium brake calipers (rear).
Every Spyker shows its class in its details – as demonstrated by the standard and optional alloy wheels available for the short wheelbase cars. The 18-inch diameter ATS forged alloy rims feature single central locking wheel nuts and are fitted with 225/40ZR 18 (front) and 255/35ZR 18 (rear) tyres.
The optional magnesium 19-inch Aeroblade™ wheels not only look beautiful, they also enhance the car‘s performance. The special wheel design features the propeller motif from Spyker‘s logo and the streamlining and angle of the spokes helps to cool the brakes, while also improving aerodynamic properties of the car‘s ground effect.
Superbly comfortable with a very special ambience
As appropriate for an all-aluminium, hand-built, mid-engined supercar with aerodynamic ground effect and electrically operated single-hinge tilting doors, the short wheelbase Spyker C8 cabin is superbly comfortable with a very special luxurious ambience. Leather is sourced from the Hulshof Royal Dutch Tanneries, renowned for high quality and the sensory soft-touch suppleness of their hides.
Both the C8 Spyder’s header-less windscreen and the C8 Laviolette’s glass canopy ensure excellent views of the outside world, while inside the Hulshof leather trimmed sport seats give excellent support and the adjustable steering column and pedal box ensure that a ‘perfect’ driving position can be achieved by all drivers. Close at hand, the gear shift selector which sits on the unique exposed transmission mechanism, is not only a beautiful design, but also delivers fast and accurate gearshifts.
The high-quality finish of the interior, with its leather trimming and aluminium detailing, underlines the performance-focused aviation-inspired design of the short wheelbase modern Spyker.
The dashboard finish and instrument gauges are a treat for the eyes and are exceptionally satisfying to the touch. The exquisitely detailed toggle switches provide visual clues to the racing heritage of this Spyker, while a dashboard designed by the renowned watchmaker Chronoswiss may be ordered as an option.
스파이커 스쿼드론 레이싱팀(SPYKER SQUADRON) 고화질 사진들
1 March 2011
SPYKER SQUADRON HISTORY
Competitive motorsport is a crucial part of Spyker’s strategy. Spyker Cars has been competing in the international GT arena since 2001, and through its own factory race division, Spyker Squadron, since 2002. Spyker Squadron is a dedicated team of engineers, mechanics and supporting staff that develops, builds and supports the Spyker GT race cars from its high-tech workshops in Zeewolde, The Netherlands.
Spyker Cars launches its race activities at the Frankfurt Motor Show.
Spyker Cars selects Reiter Engineering to develop and run the Spyker Double12 R at
Sebring and in the 24 Hours of Le Mans.
Spyker races at Sebring and on 22 March, is invited by the Automobile Club de l’Ouest to participate in the 24 Hours of Le Mans.
Spyker Squadron is established as the factory racing team of Spyker Cars.
Spyker Squadron races the Double12 R at Sebring and 24 Hours of Le Mans.
No racing activity: a year for the development and testing of the racing version of the Spyker C8 Spyder.
Spyker Squadron introduces the racing version of the Spyker C8 Spyder.
3rd in the Le Mans Series 1000 km of Nürburgring
2nd in FIA GT Dubai
5th in FIA GT Zhuhai
Spyker Squadron races two factory cars (C8 Spyders).
3rd in the Le Mans Series 1000 km of Nürburgring
4th in FIA GT Dubai
4th in the FIA GT Spa 24 Hours
3rd in the constructor championship of the FIA GT
Spyker Squadron races one factory car and supports one customer car (both C8 Spyders).
3rd in Le Mans Series 1000 km of Silverstone
4th in the 1000 miles of Interlagos
Spyker Squadron introduces a race version of the Spyker C8 Laviolette to replace the C8 Spyder and races one factory car and one customer car.
4th in the Le Mans Series 1000 km of Spa
4th in the Le Mans Series 1000km of Nürburgring
4th in the Le Mans Series 1000km of Silverstone
3rd in the constructor championship of the Le Mans Series
1st in Omnitel 1000 km in Lithuania
Spyker Squadron races one factory car (C8 Laviolette) in the Le Mans Series and in
the 24 Hours of Le Mans.
4th in the Le Mans Series 1000 km of Spa
2nd in the Le Mans Series 1000 km of Nürburgring
2nd in the Le Mans Series 1000 km of Silverstone
5th in the 24 Hours of Le Mans
3rd in the constructor championship of the Le Mans Series
Spyker Squadron races one factory car (C8 Laviolette) in the Le Mans Series and in the 24 Hours of Le Mans.
8th in the 8 hours of Castellet (Paul Ricard circuit)
7th in the Le Mans Series 1000 km of Spa
9th in the Le Mans Series 1000km of Algarve
9th in the Le Mans Series 1000 km of Hungaroring
7th in the Le Mans Series 1000 km of Silverstone
13th in the 24 Hours of Le Mans
8th in the constructor championship of the Le Mans Series
Spyker Squadron announces a year’s sabbatical from racing, instead focussing on the development of its next generation endurance racing car, based on the new Spyker C8 Aileron supercar, and designed for the new GTE classification.
한때 수퍼카 업체로 촉망받던 스파이커 역대 모델 고화질 사진들
1 March 2011
The Spyker company is founded by two Dutch brothers, Hendrik Jan and Jacobus Spijker, who are blacksmiths by profession. At first, the ambitious brothers concentrate on building and maintaining carriages in Hilversum, The Netherlands.
The Spijker brothers build their first Benz-engined motorcar with which they win immediate acclaim for the craftsmanship of its bodywork.
Spyker regularly competes in reliability and time trials. In 1901 Spyker enters a car in the „Toer door Nederland‟. Instead of starting with the rest of the field in this four-day, 556 km long race, they start 2 days later and win the race in just 23 hours.
Spyker experiences its first major highlight when the opulent “Golden State Coach” is delivered to Queen Wilhelmina of The Netherlands. It is still used for ceremonial Dutch events in the 21st century.
The company introduces the Spyker 60HP Grand Prix racer, the world‟s first six-cylinder four-wheel drive car.
The Spyker 60 HP Grand Prix racer competes in the Blackpool speed trials and finishes third.
1904 - 1905
The second generation Spykers compete well in the English trials and are awarded for their ability to climb hills and for their attention to detail.
The latest cars feature a new round signature grille and four-wheel drive is available on the four-cylinder cars.
Spyker competes with a customer‟s 28 PK in the „Scottish Reliability Trials‟. The company announces: “Our cars are so good that we do not have to prove that in competition.”
In February, Frenchman M. Goddard enters a Spyker 14/18 PK into the most gruelling race of all time: the Peking to Paris Raid. Six months later, in August, the Spyker finishes second in the 15,000 km monster race.
Spyker introduces a new type of engine, a mono-bloc four-cylinder unit with remarkable transverse camshafts, designed by engineer Joseph Laviolette. The 12hp engine has one camshaft placed between the two pairs of cylinders; bigger engines of the era have two, each servicing two cylinders.
Spyker merges with Dutch Aircraft Factory N.V. and the company motto becomes: “Nulla Tenaci invia est via”: for the tenacious no road is impassable. During the First World War, 100 Spyker fighter planes and 200 aircraft engines are produced.
After the First World War a two-seater car, the C1 “Aerocoque”, is shown for the
first time. It is intended as a show car but is also produced on a very limited scale. It features extrovert streamlined bodywork inspired by aircraft design.
On 27 November, the first „Spyker 30/40 PK‟ leaves the factory. The so called „Tenax‟ or C4 breaks the Rolls Royce endurance record by 6,000 km. The C4 completes 30,360 km in the Dutch winter weather in just over a month. Over the following years, the standard C4 - not exactly a race car - claims many iconic victories including the La Turbie (Monte Carlo) hill climb.
Renowned racing driver Selwyn Edge believes that technology has progressed enough to attempt to break the average speed record set in 1907. He chooses a Spyker C4 fitted with streamlined racing bodywork for the challenge, succeeding by driving at an average of 120kph (74.5 mph) during two 12-hour periods.
45 years after it was first formed, the original Spyker Company ceases to exist.
Seventy-five years after the original company disappeared, the brand is resurrected.
On 17 October, the new Spyker Cars N.V. unveils the Spyker C8 Spyder at the Birmingham Motor Show.
The Spyker C8 Laviolette is launched at the Amsterdam Motor Show.
The Spyker C8 Double 12 R is launched at the Frankfurt Motor Show.
A street-legal version of the C8 Double 12 R is introduced: the C8 Double 12 S.
Spyker makes an initial public offering (IPO) and the company is listed on the Amsterdam Stock Exchange on 27 May.
The Spyker C8 Spyder is chosen by the luxury lifestyle magazine, Robb Report, as one of its ultimate gift recommendations.
The Spyker D12 (since renamed the D8) Peking-to-Paris, a Super-SUV concept, makes its worldwide debut at the 75th Geneva International Motor Show.
Spyker acquires the Midland Formula One team and competes for a season in the pinnacle of motorsport: FIA Formula One.
Victor Muller, CEO of Spyker Cars, and Andrea Zagato, CEO of Zagato, unveil the Spyker C12 Zagato concept at the 77th Geneva International Motor Show.
The C8 Laviolette LM85 makes its debut at the Los Angeles Motor Show in November.
The production version of the Spyker C8 Aileron, the second generation Spyker supercar featuring a longer wheelbase than its predecessors, makes its debut at 78th Geneva International Motor Show.
In August, the Spyker C8 Aileron Spyder concept is unveiled at the globally celebrated Pebble Beach Concours D‟Elegance in Monterey, California.
Manufacture of pre-production models of the Aileron starts at CPP in Coventry, UK, signalling the beginning of the transfer of all production and assembly of Spyker models to the UK.
On 23 February, Spyker Cars N.V. completes the acquisition of Saab Automobile AB from General Motors, just three months after announcing its interest in the Swedish brand.
The CPP production facility ramps up series production of the Spyker C8 Aileron.
On 25 February, CPP Global Holdings Ltd signs a Memorandum of Understanding with Spyker Cars N.V. to acquire the Spyker sportscar business.
중국 체리자동차와 이스라엘 투자사간의 합작브랜드인 코로스(Qoros)가 2013년부터 양산할 GQ3 세단. 내년 제네바모터쇼를 통해 정식 데뷔하고, 중국에선 봄부터, 유럽에선 하반기부터 판매할 예정.