29일 진행된 ‘2016 파리모터쇼(Mondial de l'Automobile)’ 프레스데이 행사에서 쌍용차는 530㎡ 면적의 전시장에 내년 초 출시 예정인 Y400의 콘셉트카 LIV-2를 세계 최초로 공개하였으며, 티볼리와 코란도 C 등 주력 모델 총 6대를 전시하여 참가 관계자 및 언론의 관심을 집중시켰다.
LIV-2(Limitless Interface Vehicle)는 지난 2013년 서울 모터쇼에 선보인 LIV-1의 후속 콘셉트카로 보다 진보된 디자인 경험을 선사하며, 향후 쌍용자동차의 미래 성장을 위한 또 하나의 전략 모델이 될 예정이다.
쌍용자동차 최종식 대표이사는 프레스 콘퍼런스 인사말을 통해 “쌍용차 SUV 라인업의 기함으로서, Y400은 강인한 스타일과 진보된 안전성은 물론 물론 럭셔리 세단 수준의 승차감과 드라이빙 경험을 제공할 것이다”며 “강력한 주행성능을 통해 선사하는 짜릿한 즐거움은 물론 프리미엄 가치를 추구하는 소비자들에게 최고의 선택이 될 것으로 믿어 의심치 않는다”고 말했다.
LIV-2는 쌍용자동차의 디자인 철학 ‘Nature-born 3Motion’에서 대자연의 웅장함을 모티브로 하는 Dignified Motion을 바탕으로 대형 SUV의 본질적 아름다움을 표현하였다.
탁월한 내구성까지 갖춘 프레임 차체 구조와 쌍용차 고유의 4WD 시스템 위에 인간과 자동차 간의 유연하고 능동적인 커뮤니케이션이 가능한 인터페이스를 갖추었으며, 다이내믹하고 볼륨감 있는 디자인으로 남성적이고 강인한 SUV 스타일을 완성하였다.
특히, Limitless potentials(무한한 가능성), Limitless Joy(끝없는 즐거움) 등의 의미를 내포하고 있는 이름처럼 2열 탑승객에게 안전한 드라이빙과 더불어 고급 라운지에서와 같은 프리미엄 가치와 경험을 제공한다.
외관 디자인은 Dignified Motion을 바탕으로 웅장하면서도 카리스마 있고 당당한 자연의 이미지를 옮겨 왔으며, 정통 SUV 스타일을 절제된 감성으로 모던한 예술품과 같이 표현했다.
프론트 이미지는 과감한 비례의 인테이크홀, 그릴과 헤드램프가 융합되어 새롭고 매력적인 스타일링을 연출하였다. 하늘로 뻗어 비상하는 날개를 형상화한 그릴은 자유와 진보적인 가치를 상징하고 있으며, 이 전면디자인은 향후 쌍용자동차의 디자인 아이덴티티로 확립될 것이라고 쌍용차 관계자는 설명했다.
내부 공간은 모던 럭셔리 이미지를 표현함과 동시에 다양한 첨단 IT의 접목을 통해 새롭고 독창적인 프리미엄 공간으로 완성하였다. 최고급 가죽과 피아노블랙 소재가 곳곳에 활용되었으며, 콘솔과 도어를 비롯해 인테리어 곳곳에서 은은하게 새어 나오는 무드램프가 세련되고 미래지향적인 분위기를 선사한다.
모든 커뮤니케이션은 센터페시아의 9.2인치 모니터와 헤드레스트의 10.1인치 모니터 등 총 3개의 디스플레이를 활용해 통합적으로 구현되며, Wi-fi 미러링과 더불어 애플 카플레이(CarPlay), 구글 안드로이드오토(Android Auto) 등 다양한 유저 인터페이스를 제공한다.
특히, 2열까지 연결된 센터콘솔과 개별 시트를 적용하여 플래그십 SUV로서의 이미지를 강화했으며, 독립된 2열 콘솔에는 스마트폰을 통한 인포테인먼트(Infotainment) 시스템의 접근이 가능하다.
LIV-2는 프레임 차체가 제공하는 강성과 안전성에 더해 BSD(Blind Spot Detection: 사각지대감지장치) 등 다양한 ADAS(Advanced Driver Assistant System: 첨단운전자보조) 기술을 적용해 충돌 사고를 예방하며, 동급 최다 수준인 9에어백을 적용하여 사고 발생 시 안전성을 더욱 제고하였다.
현대자동차는 29일(현지 시각) 프랑스 ‘파리 포르트 베르사유 박람회장(Paris Expo Porte de Versailles)’에서 열린 2016 파리 국제 모터쇼에서 고성능 N 콘셉트카 ‘RN30’를 세계 최초로 공개했다.
현대자동차가 최초로 선보인 ‘RN30’는 신형 i30의 디자인을 바탕으로 380마력을 발휘하는 고성능 2.0 터보 엔진이 적용된 트랙 전용 레이싱 콘셉트카다.
또한 ‘RN30’에는 현대자동차 N이 추구하는 ‘누구라도 쉽게 즐길 수 있는 고성능차’의 특징을 충실히 구현하고자, 모터스포츠로부터 영감을 받아 공력에 최적화된 디자인과 운전자가 차량을 쉽고 정확하게 제어하도록 도와주는 혁신적 기술이 적용됐다.
현대자동차 시험·고성능차 개발 담당 알버트 비어만(Albert Biermann) 부사장은 ‘파리 모터쇼’에서 “‘RN30’는 다이내믹하고 스포티한 주행성능을 자랑하는 강력한 고성능 콘셉트카”라며 “‘RN30’는 더 많은 고객들에게 순수한 스포츠 드라이빙의 즐거움을 전달하고자 하는 ‘N’이 추구하는 방향성을 바탕으로 개발됐다”라고 밝혔다.
‘RN30’에는 현대자동차가 N 양산 모델을 위해 개발 중인 고성능 2.0 터보 엔진이 적용되어, 일반 도로보다 더 극한 조건인 트랙 주행에 적합한 강력한 성능을 발휘하는 것이 특징이다.
고성능 콘셉트카로서 엔진 출력을 높이기 위해 터보 사이즈를 증대시키고 엔진 블록의 내구성 강화를 위해 일부 주조부품을 단조부품으로 대체함으로써 최대출력 380마력(PS) 및 최대토크 46kgf·m을 구현했다.
또한 최대토크 허용 범위가 높아 고출력 엔진에 최적으로 대응하는 고성능 전용 습식 DCT 를 적용해 레이싱카에 어울리는 다이내믹한 가속 성능과 변속 응답성을 구현함과 동시에 연비 향상을 이뤘다.
‘RN30’는 잦은 선회와 고속 주행 상황에서도 안정감을 잃지 않도록 상시사륜구동(AWD) 방식을 적용했으며, 주행 시 운전자가 운전에 더욱 몰입할 수 있도록 하며 운전자의 조작 실수의 위험을 줄여 주는 고성능 특화 기술들이 적용됐다.
‘RN30’에 적용된 기술로는 ▲스포츠 주행 중 변속 시 엔진 RPM을 차량 스스로 빠르고 정확하게 보정해 운전자를 돕는 ‘Rev 매칭’, ▲가속감과 일치하는 강렬한 배기음을 구현하는 ‘전자식 가변배기시스템’, ▲급격한 선회 시 좌우 바퀴의 구동력을 전자적으로 제어해 미끄러짐을 방지하고 정교한 코너링을 돕는 ‘전자식 차동제한장치(e-LSD: Electric Limited Slip Differential)’ 등이 있다.
이 밖에도 가볍고 내구성이 높으며 친환경적인 고성능 플라스틱 소재들을 차량의 적재적소에 적용함으로써 경량화를 실현했으며, 중량 부품의 저중심 배치 및 시트 포지션의 후·하방 이동을 통해 무게중심을 낮췄다.
‘RN30’의 전체적인 실루엣과 측면 라인은 ‘신형 i30’를 계승하면서, 고속 및 선회 주행 시 흔들림 없이 안정적으로 주파해 나갈 수 있도록 기저면이 ‘낮고 넓은(Low&Wide)’ 비율로 디자인됐다.
전면부는 현대자동차만의 고유한 디자인 정체성을 표현하는 새로운 ‘캐스캐이딩(Cascading) 그릴’과 하이테크 헤드램프, 입체적인 형상의 주간 주행등(DRL: Daytime Running Light)이 어우러져 한층 공격적이고 강인한 이미지를 완성했다.
또한 엔진 후드 상단에는 대형 공기 배출구가 두드러지게 자리 잡고 있어 ‘RN30’의 폭발적인 엔진 성능을 짐작하게 하며, 공기 흐름에 최적화하기 위해 입체적으로 디자인된 휀더는 고속에서 공중에 떠 있는 듯한 독특한 느낌을 선사하고, 그 아래에 위치한 19인치 경량 알로이 휠은 스포티한 차의 특징을 반영하고 있다.
‘RN30’의 실내 디자인은 현대자동차 유럽디자인센터의 디자이너와 현대모터스포츠(HMSG) 소속 레이스 전문가들이 철저한 협업 과정을 거쳐 드라이빙 자체에 집중할 수 있는 레이아웃을 구현한 것이 특징이다.
드라이버의 몸을 완벽하게 감싸는 레이스용 버킷 시트와 차체 강성을 높이기 위한 통합형 롤케이지 는 위급한 순간에도 드라이버를 보호하도록 설계됐으며, 운전자가 자신의 주행을 기록하고 점검하기 위한 내·외부 특수 카메라가 장착됐다.
Paris/Stuttgart. With "Generation EQ", Mercedes‑Benz shows how electric cars can soon move into the fast lane: the concept vehicle, with the appearance of a sporty SUV coupé, gives a preview of a new generation of vehicles with battery-electric drives. The dynamic exterior design with its new electro-look underlines the focus on the powerful electric drive system: two electric motors, with a system output that can be increased to up to 300 kW thanks to scalable battery components, and permanent all-wheel drive deliver the guarantee of dynamic high-level performance. With a range of up to 500 kilometres and the typical Mercedes strengths of safety, comfort, functionality and connectivity, "Generation EQ" meets every demand in terms of contemporary, sustainable mobility. Also on the inside, the vehicle offers innovative solutions, including a completely new interior concept. Celebrating its world premiere at the Paris Motor Show, "Generation EQ" is the forerunner of Mercedes-Benz's new product brand for electric mobility, EQ. The name EQ stands for "Electric Intelligence" and is derived from the Mercedes-Benz brand values of "Emotion and Intelligence".
"The mobility of the future at Mercedes-Benz will stand on four pillars: Connected, Autonomous, Shared andElectric. 'Generation EQ' is the logical fusion of all four pillars," says Dr Dieter Zetsche, CEO of Daimler AG and Head of Mercedes‑Benz Cars. "The emission-free automobile is the future. And our new EQ brand goes far beyond electric vehicles. EQ stands for a comprehensive electric ecosystem of services, technologies and innovations."
Electric-vehicle architecture for all models
The new generation of electric vehicles will be based on an architecture developed specifically for battery-electric models, which is scalable in every respect and usable across all models: the wheelbase and track width as well as all other system components, especially the batteries, are variable thanks to the modular building-block system. The vehicle concept is thus optimised to meet every requirement of a future-oriented, battery-electric model family. The basic architecture is suitable for SUVs, saloons, coupés and other model series.
Similarly to the latest series-produced models from Mercedes‑B enz, the vehicle architecture builds on an intelligent multi-material mix of steel, aluminium and carbon fibre. This ensures that the requirements in terms of lightweight design, strength and cost efficiency are ideally met.
Exterior design with new electro-look
"Generation EQ is hot and cool," says Gorden Wagener, Head of Design at Daimler AG. "Its fascination lies in a reinterpretation of our design philosophy of sensual purity, the aim being to create an avant-garde, contemporary and distinctive electro-look. At the same time, the design of the visionary show car, which has been reduced to the essentials, reveals an alluring progressivity."
The monolithic basic form of "Generation EQ" unites the genes of an SUV with the dynamic character of a coupé and a dash of shooting brake at the rear end. The squat, elongated greenhouse gives rise to muscular-purist proportions. The new electro-look is the result of a flowing transition from the gleaming black bonnet across the windscreen to the dark-tinted panoramic roof – an exciting contrast to the alubeam silver paintwork.
Scarcely visible body panel joins, concealed windscreen wipers, cameras instead of exterior mirrors and an absence of conventional door handles emphasise the stretched, dynamic silhouette, making the SUV crossover appear as a unified whole while reducing its air resistance. An intentionally reduced side view, broad shoulders and large 21-inch light-alloy wheels make for a dynamic presence even before the vehicle moves off.
Driver-oriented cockpitwith new electro-look
The focus of the driver-oriented cockpit is on simple, touch-based controls with a new electro-look consistently reflecting the exterior styling. The asymmetrical design of the instrument panel with its large, floating wide-screen display is tailored to the driver. The innovative, digital user experience differentiates "Generation EQ" from the familiar control logic in today's vehicles, while giving a peek into the future of user interaction at Mercedes‑Benz.
Interior with new, touch-based controls and no knobs
The interior of "Generation EQ" is characterised by contemporary luxury, this finding its main expression in an all-new user interface, which combines emotive appeal with intelligence and user-friendliness while dispensing with traditional switches and knobs, except for the electric seat adjustment typical of Mercedes. Two of the three narrow spokes on the steering wheel are provided with touch controls, which are integrated into OLED displays (OLED = organic light emitting diode ). They indicate icons and symbols in the respective menus. The driver can swipe through the various menus and confirm their selection with a click.
The 24-inch (53 x 11 cm) TFT high-definition wide-screen display presents all the relevant information, such as speed, range, driving data or navigation and map details. The innovation is apparent from the differentiation between a highly reduced and a complex display, including intermediate stages. Whether there is a low information density with a very clean look to the display, or whether extra content is on view, is left to the driver's personal preference.
User interface design with individualised content
The information density can be increased step-by-step from a digital display and built up into a single- or dual-tube instrument containing more detailed information and feedback on speed and range. These modular displays allow the content to be individualised. An attractive user interface design is ensured by, among other things, a world of colours in electric blue, white and rose gold – the colours of the instrument displays adapt, depending on driving mode or charging process, to allow fast and intuitive recognition.
Bordered in rose gold, the centre console appears to float in space: dispensing with mechanical controls, it is equipped with touch-sensitive elements. Similarly to the touch controls on the steering wheel, the driver can use a finger to operate the automatic climate control and the infotainment system. As "Generation EQ" is devoid of conventional exterior mirrors, cameras are used to project an image of the traffic behind onto integrated displays in the doors. Both the door openers and the electric window lifters are touch-controlled.
Avant-garde, functional interior
"Generation EQ" comes with four individual seats. The reduced volume, impression of floating in space and avant-garde seat upholstery layout make for a visual lightness. A tailored sound experience is provided by speakers integrated into the head restraints. The side bolsters are covered in light-white leather, while perforations with a pixel rain look reveal a view of particles in rose gold. Stitching with a PCB look on the deep-brown centre sections produces an exciting contrast. TFT monitors for rear-seat entertainment are integrated into the front backrests.
EQ: the new electric mobility brand from the inventor of the automobile
EQ offers a comprehensive electric mobility ecosystem with products, services, technologies and innovations. The spectrum ranges from electric vehicles to wallboxes and charging services to home energy storage units. Mercedes‑Benz will market future battery-electric vehicles under the brand name EQ. The name stands for "Electric Intelligence" and is derived from the Mercedes-Benz brand values of "Emotion and Intelligence". The new brand encompasses all key aspects for customer-focused electric mobility and extends beyond the vehicle itself. Future models will embody the essentials of state-of-the-art electric mobility: the fusion of emotively appealing and intelligent design, exceptional driving pleasure, high everyday practicality and maximum safety, a hallmark of every vehicle from the inventor of the automobile.
The close-to-production concept vehicle "Generation EQ" marks the launch of an architecture for battery-electric vehicles across all models. Dieter Zetsche: "In 2007, the e-smart was a pioneer of electric motoring. We're now flipping the switch. We're ready for the launch of an electric product offensive that will cover all vehicle segments, from the compact to the luxury class."
Both inside and outside: new light signature for electric cars
With a new exterior and interior light signature, the inventor of the automobile presents the design trend for future electric vehicles with the star: the distinguishing mark of "Generation EQ" is the "Black Panel" front grille: the white-illuminated Mercedes star and all the light elements are integrated in this seamlessly glazed design element. The blue-illuminated surround gives a completely new interpretation of the typical Mercedes radiator grille. Illuminated LED optical fibres in electric blue produce a light show with exciting touches of colour.
The peripheral light strip of the "Black Panel" is equally typical of "Generation EQ". Embedded in it are the white, powerful LED headlamps. Viewed from the side, the flowing E-line and beltline form a frame around the base of the mirror camera. Touches of rose gold in the chrome-plated E-line moulding and the spokes of the 21‑inch wheels serve as a special eye-catching transition from interior to exterior.
The rear lamps are of matching design, taking up the contour of the "Black Panel" and surrounded by an LED optical fibre in electric blue, which changes to red when the vehicle is moving and acts as a tail light. The central Mercedes star at the rear end is likewise illuminated in white. Similarly to the front end, the clasp-like light signature on the outside changes to orange as soon as the direction indicator is operated.
Lighting mood: from welcome scenario to electric blue
As the driver approaches the car, it automatically activates to welcome him or her with a specific colour mood in the interior. The welcome scenario is rounded off by digital light in the perforated interior door panels. Once the driver has taken their place, the lighting mood switches to electric blue, with the lights in the doors and on the seats dimming slowly. The wide-screen display gradually builds up to present the energy level. The navigation map shows all the destinations that can be reached on the current battery charge.
Adaptive ambience lighting for a feel-good atmosphere
A special feel-good atmosphere is produced by the adaptive ambience lighting on board "Generation EQ". There are lighting elements in the light strip underneath the windscreen, on the side and middle air vents, seats, door handles and interior door panels, on the centre console and around the Mercedes star in the steering wheel.
Powerful electric drive: 300 kW total output with a range of up to 500 kilometres
With two electric motors on the front and rear axles and a battery in the vehicle floor, "Generation EQ" embodies a powerful vehicle concept. The basis for dynamic high-level performance and safety comes courtesy of the electric all-wheel drive with axle-variable torque distribution and a battery installed deep in the vehicle floor between the axles. With a total output of up to 300 kW in the most powerful variant and a maximum torque of up to 700 Newton metres, "Generation EQ" accelerates to 100 km/h in under five seconds. In combination with the intelligent operating strategy from Mercedes-Benz, "Generation EQ" has a range of up to 500 kilometres.
In the transfer to series production, Mercedes‑Benz benefits not only from its in-house development and production expertise, but also from the Group's cross-model-series modular strategy for alternative drive systems and direct access to key components for electric mobility. The high-efficiency lithium-ion battery originates from the Daimler subsidiary Deutsche ACCUMOTIVE. Thanks to their modular design, the innovative battery systems have a model-specific total capacity of over 70 kWh.
Convenient charging at home and on the road
"Generation EQ" brings together the latest-generation charging technologies. The vehicle is ready both for charging at home by induction or wallbox and for fast charging. Mercedes‑Benz energy storage units of the future could form an ideal symbiosis with the cordless charging system via induction or wallbox. Households that have their own photovoltaic system and which store their surplus solar power in a Mercedes‑Benz energy storage unit can thus benefit from a "green" source of power that is extensively independent of the energy market.
Significantly reduced charging times will come with the introduction of fast charging by the Combined Charging System (CCS). This European charging standard allows for fast charging with a far greater capacity than at present. Currently, charging capacities from 50 up to sometimes 150 kW are possible. In the medium to long term, a charging capacity of even up to 300 kW is planned. This would enable sufficient power for 100 locally emission-free kilometres to be recharged within five minutes.
Driver assistance systems for maximum safety
It goes without saying that "Generation EQ" also features the latest driver assistance systems from Mercedes-Benz. Using highly accurate maps from our partner HERE, the systems know such things as the precise curve radii as well as the position and size of a roundabout. The vehicle can then automatically adjust the speed and driving dynamics to give the driver even greater comfort and relaxation. EQ thus takes a further step on the road to autonomous driving, always under the premise of safety and in compliance with the statutory regulations. There is a special focus on the optimised interplay between the individual features, so-called "sensor fusion", i.e. the intelligent combination of data from different sensors. In the opinion of experts at Mercedes‑Benz, this is one of the key requirements on the way to automated driving.
Extended communication by Car-to-X technology
But the engineers have gone one step further: for example, "Generation EQ" is equipped with Car-to‑X technology and can exchange information with the infrastructure and other vehicles – an ideal basis for a series of new driver assistance features that build on existing systems and thus take a further step in the direction of accident prevention. It is also helpful for the driver to be informed about nearby recharging opportunities. As soon as "Generation EQ" realises that the destination cannot be reached on the available battery charge, it advises the driver of appropriate options on the navigation map.
3D real-time map display from HERE
Yet the digital interface can do considerably more: another highlight is the high-detail 3D city view with its trendsetting design. Technically, it is based on the map platform from HERE. This makes it possible, for example when searching for points of interest, for restaurants, shopping opportunities and tourist attractions to be especially highlighted. Other buildings recede elegantly into the background. A further focus in the design of the new HERE maps lies in reduced visual complexity while the vehicle is in motion. This means that the driver can see only those buildings and information that are relevant for navigation. There is an exceptional interplay between cockpit and map, with the buildings on the map reflecting details of the instrument lighting. At the same time, the map display also gives a preview of new features, especially for electric vehicles: the driver is provided with information on charging stations as well as opportunities for inductive charging along the route. The high-detail display also includes an indication of the current energy consumption along the route.
Intelligent driver assistance
The focus of the user interface is on optimal driver assistance, such as when the main concern is to make best possible use of the available energy in the batteries in order to achieve the best possible range. The innovative consumption display provides the driver with feedback on their driving style while drawing attention to energy-saving possibilities.
Additional driver incentives are conceivable: the wide-screen display can be used to tell the driver that the current range is not just sufficient to reach the desired destination, but would also allow a detour for a spur-of-the-moment visit to friends. In addition, the driver can collect bonus kilometres as a reward for especially efficient use of the traction battery – a functionality similar to the one already familiar from current models. The trick is that the collected bonus kilometres make the occupants aware of the attractions or interesting places they can reach from the current location thanks to their driving style.
신형 911 GT3컵이 2017년부터 국제 레이스 트랙의 출발선에 서게 될 예정이다. 세계 최다 생산량을 자랑하는 GT 레이싱카는 이제 4리터 6기통 수평대향 엔진으로 더 많은 소비자들에게 다가선다. 정통 모터스포츠 기술력이 만들어낸 컴팩트한 직분사 엔진은 최고출력 485 마력(357 kW)을 발휘한다.
더욱 강력해진 엔진 성능은 물론 레이싱 모드 시 자연흡기 엔진의 내구성 개선과 유지비용 감소 등 효율성을 혁신적으로 높였다. 또한 단단하게 고정된 로커암으로 이루어진 밸브 드라이브와 중앙 오일 공급 장치가 처음으로 적용되었으며, 엔진 내 윤활유의 기포 발생을 최소화하는 통합형 오일 원심분리기(integrated oil centrifuge)도 적용되었다. 뿐만 아니라 강성이 크게 향상된 크랭크축도 탑재되었다.
새로운 프론트 에이프런과 리어 엔드는 신형 911 GT3컵의 다운포스를 개선시켰으며, 그 결과 접지력과 퍼포먼스 또한 향상되었다. 184cm의 넓은 리어윙은 이전 모델과 동일하게 사용되었다. 휠 사이즈 또한 이전 모델과 동일하게 센트럴 록킹 방식이 들어간 앞 차축에는 270mm 미쉐린의 레이싱 슬릭 타이어, 뒷 차축에는 310mm로, 일체형 18인치 레이싱 림이 적용되었다. 차체에는 인텔리전트 알루미늄-스틸 복합구조를 적용하여 높은 강도와 가벼운 차체를 실현해냈다. 신형 911 GT3 컵은 1,200 kg의 경량화된 무게로 레이스에 출전할 준비를 마쳤다.
엔지니어들은 제품 개발 단계에서 운전자의 안전을 위한 기술력에 적극 투자했다. 운전자는 견고한 안전 케이지와 머리와 어깨 부분을 특별히 고려한 혁신적인 버킷 스타일의 레이싱 시트를 통해 보호받는다. 가장 최근 FIA 기준에 따라 설계된, 더 넓어진 루프의 구조용 해치는 사고 직후 응급 조치와 회복에 용이하도록 적용되었다.
포르쉐는 스투트가르트-주펜하우젠 메인 공장의 911 로드카와 동일한 생산라인에서 911 GT3컵을 생산한다. 기본 레이스 튜닝은 바이자흐 모터스포츠 센터에서 진행되며, 소비자에게 전달되기에 앞서 프로 레이서에게 철저한 검증을 받게 된다. 3031대의 911 GT3컵은 1998년부터 996, 997, 그리고 991 모델 라인에서 생산되고 있다. 이를 통해 스투트가르트에서 생산되는 브랜드컵 레이싱카는 세계 최다 생산, 최다 판매 GT 레이싱카로 자리매김하고 있다.
신형 911 GT3 컵은 2017 레이스 시즌에 포뮬러 1 레이스와 함께 치뤄지는 포르쉐 모빌1 슈퍼컵에서 첫 레이스를 펼칠 예정이다. 또한 독일과 북미 포르쉐 카레라 컵에도 출전한다. 2018부터는 다른 브랜드 컵 대회에서도 만나볼 수 있다. 포르쉐는 911 GT3컵을 통해 전 세계 고객 팀을 위해 총 20개의 레이스 시리즈를 주최하고 있다.
10세대 모델이며 올봄 제네바모터쇼에서 선보인 바 있는 프로토타입을 거의 그대로 양산화했습니다.
북미형과 같은 공장에서 만들지만 법규에 따라서 사이드 마커를 투명하게 바꾸고 고급형의 트윈 머플러를 가운데로 몰았네요.
타입 R이 어떤 모습일지 기대됩니다.
1. All-new Civic Introduction
The all-new tenth-generation Honda Civic represents a significant step forward for Honda in the C-segment, benefiting from the largest single model development programme in the company’s history.
The Civic is a core model for Honda in Europe and has been at the heart of the brand’s strong sales and manufacturing heritage in the region. For many European customers the Civic is synonymous with the Honda brand and the development team targeted a dynamic rejuvenation of Civic. This aim demanded new thinking and new approaches to body construction, vehicle aerodynamics and chassis design.
Building on its 40-year heritage, the car stays true to the original Civic concept of “a car for all people, a car for the world”. It is a marriage of distinctive design, sporty styling and versatile practicality – with a renewed focus on rewarding driving dynamics.
Distinctive exterior design The purposeful silhouette makes a confident statement about the Civic’s sporty character. Wider, longer, and lower than any of its predecessors, the all-new Civic has short overhangs and taut lines that reference the high levels of aerodynamic efficiency. A sharp and aggressive ‘face’, pronounced wheel-arches and sculpted front and rear intakes hint at the Civic’s sporting character.
All-new platform The all-new Civic has been engineered from the ground up to fulfil the promise of agile and rewarding dynamics. A lightweight, highly rigid bodyshell – the product of innovative new engineering and construction techniques – complements the lower centre of gravity and a sophisticated new suspension system in contributing directly to an engaging and fun driving experience.
Refined interior with next generation infotainment The entirely new interior features a simple, uncluttered layout, new technologies, exceptional refinement and high-grade materials with a lower seating position to give the driver a greater feeling of connection with the car. The second-generation of Honda’s infotainment and connectivity system – Connect – incorporates Apple CarPlay and Android Auto integration.
All-new VTEC TURBO gasoline engines The all-new Civic debuts two all-new VTEC TURBO gasoline engines that have been developed specifically to deliver a powerful, engaging and efficient driving experience.
Honda Sensing as standard The Honda Sensing suite of advanced safety and driver-assistance technologies specified across the range ensures the car is among the very safest in its class. 2. Sporty, fresh and distinctive exterior design
The new Civic hatchback features a sleek and swept back silhouette and articulates a fresh and distinctive new Honda design direction that conveys a strong and sporty character. The sharp lines are complemented by the most comprehensive aerodynamic packaging in the compact segment, including complete underbody panelling.
The athletic look starts with low and wide proportions which reflect an increased footprint. The hatchback is 30 mm wider and 130 mm longer than the previous-generation five-door Civic. The car is 20 mm lower than its forebear, creating a sleek roofline. These generous dimensions underpin the distinctive design and sporty styling, while also facilitating rewarding dynamics and increased interior space.
New larger and wider wheels and tyres further emphasise the wide stance, while the long wheelbase, short overhangs and sweeping cabin area further add to the dynamic feel of the exterior.
Sporty and sophisticated design details include a short front overhang with distinctive air intakes for a sporty, purposeful stature. The result is a sharp and aggressive contemporary interpretation of Honda’s family ‘face’, incorporating signature Honda front headlight clusters.
Depending on the model grade, the thin, high-tech front lamp clusters feature either sharp high-tech LED headlights or projector halogen bulbs. All models feature LED daytime running lights that illuminate a hockey-stick shaped strip at the outer edge of the cluster.
The sleek and swept-back body contour lines continue along the flanks of the car, with a swage line which bisects front and rear door handles before culminating in the distinctive C-shaped LED rear lights.
The rear bumper’s sharp creases and sculpted air outlets complete a dramatic and sporty look.
The overall effect is sleek, sophisticated dynamism with distinctive and thoroughly modern Civic exterior design. 3. Newly engineered from the ground up, the all-new platform was developed for anengaging and dynamic driving experience
Recognising that customers in the all-new Civic’s target global markets now expect superior standards of quality, refinement and dynamic performance, the Civic development team was Honda’s biggest ever single model engineering programme.
The objective was to regain the essence of Civic as a car with a distinctive sporty driving character. From the earliest stage of platform development, the engineering team benchmarked the world’s best compact-class cars, including those from leading premium brands. This evaluation process ultimately served to define the new Civic’s targets in ride, handling, steering and NVH, as well as interior quality and overall refinement.
Despite the ambitious engineering programme, the new Civic still meets the requirements of “a car for all people, a car for the world” by retaining its position as an affordable compact car in terms of cost, fuel efficiency and manufacturability. As such, the development process demanded new thinking and new approaches to body construction, aerodynamics, powertrain and chassis design.
Advanced new unibody platform The new platform’s design, the selection of materials, the engineering process, and novel manufacturing techniques have been key to creating a lighter, significantly more rigid structure. It is 16 kg lighter than that of the previous generation Civic, while exhibiting 52 percent greater torsional stiffness.
Significant platform design features include front and rear bulkhead ‘rings’ that encircle the entire interior cabin space. Further platform rigidity is provided by a low-sensitivity front-floor structure, including cross braces in front of the engine bay and between the bases of the A- and B-pillars.
Further innovation is employed in the body’s assembly process, which involves an innovative high-efficiency joining technique. The entire inner frame is assembled first, followed by the outer frame, and then the joints. This defies the conventional method of body frame assembly, which sees the outer frame assembled first, followed by inner assembly and the joints. This new production technology contributes greatly to the overall stiffness of the body.
Short-pitch welding places spot welds 20 mm apart in critical areas of the unibody, compared to traditional spacing of between 40 mm and 45 mm. This further contributes to increased stiffness and durability.
These design, engineering and manufacturing innovations result in a 65 percent increase in the body's global bending rigidity compared to the previous generation Civic, and a 41 percent increase in torsional rigidity. This in turn provides a greater opportunity to tune the suspension for superior ride and handling performance.
The most agile and dynamically proficient Civic ever The advanced platform provides an optimised foundation for significantly improved chassis dynamics. The design team set themselves the target of achieving class-best handling and ride comfort.
All-new suspension, a lower centre of gravity and a boost in body rigidity help give this latest generation Civic engaging driving characteristics. Ride comfort is exemplary as a result of exhaustive development and a focus on compliance-boosting techniques and technologies.
The Civic’s fuel tank has been relocated and the car’s floor is lower than that of the outgoing model. Combined with the revisions to the chassis and suspension, the all-new model’s centre of gravity is 10 mm lower. These changes also allow the driving position to be set nearer to the road, with a hip point 35mm lower, giving a more sporty feel.
At the front, lower-arm-type front MacPherson strut suspension provides high lateral rigidity for linear handling, and low longitudinal rigidity for optimised ride compliance.
At the rear suspension, an all-new rear multi-link suspension set-up and new rigid subframe deliver high stability for superior ride comfort and linear handling.
Great attention was paid to the specific position of the suspension mounts to ensure optimal stiffness to enhance the suspension’s performance. Hydraulic fluid-filled compliance bushings at the front and rear result in superior ride isolation, as well as chassis vibration control. Furthermore, the new subframes at the front and the rear are specifically laid out so that cornering forces are transmitted more directly through the suspension to the subframes. 4. All-new 1.0-litre and 1.5-litre VTEC TURBO gasoline engines deliver dynamicperformance with class-leading output
The all-new Civic hatchback is the first model in Europe to offer Honda’s 1.0 litre three-cylinder and 1.5 litre four-cylinder gasoline turbocharged engines. Honda’s engineering heritage encompasses some of the most celebrated high performing engines in the industry, and the new VTEC TURBO units are designed first and foremost to offer dynamic performance to support the all-new Civic’s soulful, sporty character. Nevertheless, these engines also achieve highly competitive fuel economy and efficiency. Both engines will be available with either a newly-designed six-speed manual transmission or a CVT automatic.
The three-cylinder 1.0 litre VTEC TURBO gasoline unit delivers a significant improvement in everyday driveability, thanks to greater torque at low and mid-range engine speeds. Maximum torque of 200 Nm with the six-speed manual is available at 2,250 rpm, and 180 Nm with the CVT is available between 1,700 rpm and 4,500 rpm. Maximum power is 129 PS (95 kW) at 5,500 rpm.
The larger four-cylinder 1.5-litre VTEC TURBO gasoline engine provides substantially greater performance – in power and torque – over the previous Civic’s 1.8-litre VTEC. Maximum power is 182 PS (134 kW) at 5,500rpm (at 6,000 rpm with CVT). With the six-speed manual, 240 Nm maximum torque is delivered between 1,900 rpm and 5,000 rpm. With the CVT, 220 Nm is delivered between 1,700 rpm and 5,500 rpm. 5. Class-leading interior space with improved usability
The all-new Civic is set to continue the model’s reputation for providing class-leading practicality and unrivalled passenger and cargo space. High quality materials, a simple and sophisticated design theme, and new digital instrument binnacle display provide a fresh, premium interior ambience.
More spacious passenger cabin Aided in part by a longer, wider platform and 30 mm longer wheelbase, occupants benefit from greater visibility and more space in which to enjoy the premium fit and finish.
The driving position is 35 mm lower than in the previous generation Civic to create a more secure, enveloped feeling for the driver and front passenger. An improvement in forward visability is created by a one degree improvement in the angle of the eyeline to the road, while the A-pillar width is narrowed by 9mm to provide a class-leading 84.3 degree arc of view. This also creates an open and airy feel to the cabin.
Front shoulder room has been increased by 10mm, and space between the front seats has increased by 30 mm. Rear seat shoulder room in the hatchback is up by 20mm, while passengers in the back will also enjoy 95 mm more legroom, as well as 45 mm more knee clearance. Comfort for outboard occupants in the rear is improved by adjustable seat base cushions, and ingress and egress for all passengers is now easier than ever.
A light, airy feeling is further accomplished with the large tilt-and-slide panoramic sunroof (available on higher grade models).
Class-leading boot space and versatility Boot space remains class-leading in terms of volume (478 litres), as well as ease of access and versatility. The rear seats split / fold 60:40, low sill height and wide boot opening (1,120 mm) combine with the flat boot floor to make the loading of heavy, wide and long items easy. A hidden underfloor compartment offers a further secure storage area (excludes Sport models).
Premium interior design and quality The all-new interior is designed to offer the most comfortable and sophisticated cabin in the compact class and gives the all-new Civic a thoroughly modern, sleek and simple aesthetic to complement the sharply sculpted exterior. This is achieved with horizontal lines that accentuate the feeling of width and length, and therefore spaciousness.
A sophisticated, premium ambience is augmented by cabin trim finished in high-quality materials, including a one-piece soft-touch instrument panel with moulded stitching and premium seat fabrics.
‘Technology centre’ console The centre console features a piano-black finish, and was designed to follow a ‘technology centre’ theme.
The lower part in front of the gear lever is configured as a two-tier storage tray, specifically with the management of personal electronic devices in mind. The front tray provides at-a-glance and grab-and-go access to devices, with an integrated wireless smartphone charging pad available on some grades. A hole through the centre console means that cables can be passed from the second tier tray to the front tray, helping to keep cable connectivity and device charging and connectivity neat and tidy. LED lighting aids visibility for the two-tier tray layout at night.
Above the storage tray, a contrasting silver panel presents the few simple, uncluttered ventilation controls, while overhead LED lighting adds to the premium ambience.
At the top of the centre console sits the seven-inch Honda Connect 2 colour touchscreen display (please see next section). As well as being a touch-control device for the infotainment and climate control functions, the display integrates with a reversing camera on top grades.
In front of the driver, a completely new instrument display layout provides vivid clarity and highly intuitive usability. A new seven-inch colour TFT-LCD Driver Information Interface (DII) display makes up the largest central section of the all-new reconfigured instrument binnacle. It includes a large digital tachometer and speedometer readout. Integrated into the DII display is a large area in which the driver can switch between a variety of infotainment screens, including navigation instructions, SMS and email text display (complemented by voice activated responses), audio track information, smartphone contacts, journey trip information, and smart vehicle maintenance information.
This primary display is flanked by coolant-temperature and fuel-level gauges, again on TFT-LCD displays. All the displays are high contrast, easy-to-read, and contemporary in their typeface. As the driver enters the car, the instrumentation illuminates progressively to give a sophisticated, warm welcome.
Scrolling and selecting the information to display in the DII is performed via thumbpad controls on the left spoke of the steering wheel. It gives the driver the capability to scroll through the DII modes and adjust settings, perform alphabetic searches – of contacts or music tracks, for example – as well as to select the preferred information to display in the instrument binnacle’s DII. Also on the left spoke are the integrated Bluetooth®3 HandsFreeLink® telephone controls. The combination of thumbpad controls and DII display in the driver’s forward line-of-sight helps to minimise distractions for the driver while underway. 6. Next-generation Honda Connect delivers enhanced, more intuitive connected infotainment
The new Civic is available with the second-generation of Honda’s Connect infotainment and connectivity system, which offers enhanced intuitive operation and full smartphone integration via both Apple CarPlay® and Android Auto.
Integration with Apple CarPlay means that Honda Connect can now bring iPhone functionality to the driving experience, delivering the interface through the all-new Civic’s built-in display. Drivers can get directions, make calls, send and receive messages, and listen to music from the touch-screen or by voice using Apple’s Siri commands. The supported apps on CarPlay include Phone, Messages, Maps, Music and other compatible third-party software where specified. CarPlay is compatible with iOS 8.4 or later and iPhone 5 or later.
Android Auto has been designed to give drivers a simple, intuitive way to use Android smartphones through both touch and voice interfaces, minimising the potential for distraction. Android Auto is compatible with Android 5.0 and higher, and the supported features include Google Maps, Google Now, messaging, music and numerous other popular apps, depending on the market.
Honda Connect can be specified with optional Garmin satellite navigation, with pre-loaded maps, photo-real junction views, lane guidance, real-time traffic avoidance, 3D building and terrain views, and Eco Routing. Free map updates will be provided for five years, a benefit unique to Honda.
Options for the available audio configuration vary by grade, from a four-speaker 160 watt output, an eight-speaker 180 watt output, or a premium system with 11 speakers (465 watt). 7. Standard Honda SENSING across the range makes new Civic one of the safest cars in itsclass
The all-new Civic has been engineered to achieve industry-leading safety performance. The development team’s success in creating class-leading body rigidity and stiffness, in conjunction with a comprehensive suite of active safety technologies are anticipated to help the all-new Civic earn top ratings in the latest Euro NCAP tests.
In line with Honda’s ‘Safety for Everyone’ philosophy, the same passive and active safety systems are included across all grades of the new Civic.
The Honda SENSING suite of active safety and driver assist technologies will be specified across the new Civic range. Honda SENSING is among the most comprehensive suites of safety technologies in its class. It uses a combination of radar and camera information, plus a host of high-tech sensors to warn and assist the driver in potentially dangerous scenarios.
The Honda SENSING suite of active safety technologies includes:
Collision Mitigation Braking System (CMBS): helps to bring the car to a stop if the system determines that a collision with a vehicle detected in front is unavoidable.
Forward Collision Warning (FCW): scans the road ahead to warn drivers of a potential collision, and provides visual and audible alerts to prompt the driver to take corrective actions to avoid a crash.
Lane Departure Warning (LDW): will detect if the car is straying out of its current lane without the turn signal being activated.
Road Departure Mitigation (RDM): uses data from the windscreen-mounted camera to detect whether the car is veering off the road. It uses the Electric Power Steering (EPS) to apply subtle corrections to keep the vehicle in its lane, and in certain situations can also apply braking force.
Lane Keeping Assist System (LKAS): helps to keep the car in the middle of the current lane, by detecting road markings and making small steering adjustments to steer the vehicle within the white lines.
Adaptive Cruise Control (ACC): allows the driver to set a desired speed and following distance from a vehicle detected ahead.
Traffic Sign Recognition (TSR): detects and automatically recognises road signs and displays the signs on the car’s instrument binnacle’s
Intelligent Speed Assistance (ISA): combines the automatic speed limit set by the driver with TSR to automatically adjust the vehicle speed to that indicated by the last road sign
Intelligent Adaptive Cruise Control (i-ACC): Predicts and automatically reacts to other vehicles ‘cutting-in’ on multi-lane highways.
Further safety technologies in the all-new Civic include:
Blind Spot Information: uses radar technology to automatically detect and alert of vehicles in the driver’s blind spot
Cross Traffic Monitor: uses rear side radar sensors to warn the driver of approaching vehicles when reversing
Multi-angle rear view mirror: provides the driver with options for complete visibility and therefore peace-of-mind when reversing; a normal 130 degree view, a wide 180 degree view and a top-down view
Also fitted as standard are Vehicle Stability Assist (VSA®) with traction control, which enhances control capability while the vehicle is accelerating, braking, cornering, and Indirect Tyre Pressure Monitoring System (TPMS) . 8. Honda of the UK Manufacturing (HUM) – the global production hub for the all-new Civichatchback
The tenth-generation Civic family benefits from Honda’s largest-ever global development programme for a single model. The car has been designed to exceed European standards and expectations – thereby meeting the needs of all global regions where the Civic will be sold.
The Civic is an important model for Honda in Europe and is a key driver for the company’s strong sales and manufacturing heritage in the region. For many European customers, Civic is synonymous with the Honda brand. The all-new Civic hatchback continues this tradition, and will play a key role in meeting Honda’s volume aspirations for its European business.
Honda’s European production facility, Honda of the UK Manufacturing (HUM), will become the global production hub for the tenth-generation Civic hatchback. Honda has confirmed investment of £200m in new production technologies and processes to prepare for the new model, which will be exported around the world, including the US. The investment is part of a long-term vision for the European plant in Honda’s global operations.
HUM produced its first engine in 1989 and its first car in 1992. It now consists of two car plants and an engine manufacturing facility. Other areas of the site are dedicated to a purpose built test track, dynamic and static test cells, as well as administration and purchasing functions. 9. Technical specifications
1.5 litre VTEC TURBO Four cylinder gasoline
1.0-litre VTEC TURBO Three cylinder gasoline
4 valves per cylinder
4 valves per cylinder
182 PS (134 kW) at 5,500 rpm
182 PS (134 kW) at 6,000 rpm
129 PS (95 kW) at 5,500 rpm
240 Nm at 1,900 - 5,000 rpm
220 Nm at 1,700 - 5,500 rpm
200 Nm at 2,250 rpm
180 Nm at 1,700 - 4,500 rpm
1.5 litre VTEC TURBO (gasoline)
1.0-litre VTEC TURBO (gasoline)
Variable with 7 simulated ‘gears’
Variable with 7 simulated ‘gears’
Suspension and damping
MacPherson Strut (Adaptive damper system on certain grades)
Multi-link Adaptive damper control (on certain grades)
km로 환산하면 약 53km 정도 가네요. 이정도면 서울 출퇴근 때는 전기로만 이용도 가능하겠군요. 물론 추울 때랑 더울 때는 훅 떨어지겠죠.
Kia's mission to lower the average CO2 emissions of its range by 25 per cent before the end of the decade is given a boost with the launch today of the company's first plug-in hybrid model, the Optima PHEV. It is priced at £31,495 after taking into account the Government's £2,500 plug-in car grant.
With a range of up to 33 miles in all-electric mode, the Optima PHEV is able to complete many regular urban commuter runs with no tailpipe emissions, while its CO2 figure of just 37g/km means company car users pay just 7 per cent benefit-in-kind taxation in 2016-17.
The Optima PHEV combines a 154bhp 2.0-litre direct injection petrol engine with a 50kW (67bhp) electric motor powered by a 9.8kWh lithium-ion polymer battery pack. The electric motor replaces the torque converter in the smooth-shifting six-speed automatic transmission. When working together, the combustion engine and motor generate 202bhp and 375Nm of torque.
A package of aerodynamic, styling and technology features contributes towards the Optima PHEV's low CO2emissions and potential fuel economy of up to 176.6mpg while ensuring it is instantly recognisable as the high-efficiency model in the Optima range. The most significant aerodynamic change is an active air flap grille which lowers the car's drag co-efficient (Cd) to 0.25 when closed. The neat integration of the batteries behind the rear seat and in the spare wheel well, along with a 15-litre reduction in the car's petrol tank, means the Optima PHEV is still able to offer a generous 307 litres of luggage space.
Comprehensive standard specification
The Optima PHEV is a unique, extensively equipped stand-alone model in the Optima range. Naturally, such a technologically advanced member of the Optima family comes with a comprehensive range of standard connectivity and advanced driver assistance features, including an 8.0-inch touch-screen navigation system with European mapping, Android Auto and Apple CarPlay (available later in the production run), Kia Connected Services powered by TomTom®, a wireless mobile phone charger, a 270o around-view monitor and a 10-speaker harman/kardon Premium Sound audio system with Clari-Fi technology to restore the sound lost when digital music files are heavily compressed. Active safety provisions include Electronic Stability Control, Vehicle Stability Management and Hill-start Assist Control.
The Optima PHEV also features 17-inch alloy wheels shod with 215/55 R17 tyres, LED daytime running lights and headlights – the latter with automatic levelling – welcome and follow-me-home lighting, black cloth and faux leather seats with four-way powered lumbar adjustment on the driver's side, front and rear parking sensors, a reversing camera integrated into the navigation screen, dual-zone automatic air conditioning, a leather-trimmed steering wheel and gearshifter, steering wheel mounted controls, all-round electric windows, cruise control with a speed limiter, remote central locking and an electronic parking brake.
Uniquely in the Optima range, it has bespoke low-drag front and rear bumpers, the active air-flap grille, a blue tint to the headlights, blue chrome trim on the lower front air intake, upper grille and side sills and the exclusive navigation screen with a series of menus which help the driver to achieve the highest possible range in EV mode.
Fully connected with Android Auto and Apple CarPlay
The Optima PHEV is available with a comprehensive suite of connectivity features, including Android Auto and Apple CarPlay (available later in the production run). At the heart of it is the latest Kia audio-visual navigation (AVN) system, operated via an 8.0-inch touch-screen and featuring Bluetooth hands-free mobile phone connectivity with audio streaming. The navigation screen is linked to a rear parking camera.
Exclusive in the Optima PHEV is a series of menus which show the car's EV range at any time, nearby charging stations, energy usage based on driving style as well as other information to help the driver use the electrical energy stored in the batteries in the most efficient way.
The AVN system is linked to a DAB digital radio as part of a 590-watt harman/kardon 10-speaker Premium Sound system, which includes an external amplifier and sub-woofer plus Clari-Fi technology, which restores the sound usually lost when digital music files are heavily compressed.
There are USB sockets in the front and rear, and a wireless smartphone charger is standard.
The AVN system offers the full Kia Connected Services package powered by TomTom. This provides live traffic updates, speed camera alerts and local point-of-interest and weather reports. It is provided free for seven years.
Additionally, the Optima PHEV is available with Android Auto for use with Android phones running 5.0 (Lollipop) or higher, and will also offer Apple CarPlay with iPhone 5 or newer from late 2016.
Android Auto connects the car to the user's smartphone and, via pre-downloaded apps, gives access to Google Maps navigation, Google Play music, hands-free calls and texts and voice recognition. Apple CarPlay will enable full Siri voice control of the phone's apps and functions while linking the car to Apple Maps, calls and text dictation, music streaming and audiobooks.
The next stage in Kia's hybrid development
Hybrids are not new to Kia, but they have never previously been brought to the UK because diesels offered greater tax advantages in the all-important company car market. The all-new Optima PHEV, with its extended all-electric driving range, low CO2 emissions and ultra-low company car tax rating, redress this balance and will be an important fleet car for Kia in the UK.
The core feature of the hybrid system is the next-generation 9.8kWh lithium-ion polymer battery pack, which produces significantly more energy than that in previous Optima hybrids. Meanwhile, the simplicity of the hybrid system allows compact packaging of the petrol engine, electric motor and automatic transmission on the front axle, with minimal energy transfer and conversion losses. This results in excellent performance and range for a D-segment car: up to 33 miles of pure-electric driving at speeds as high as 75mph, with 0-60mph acceleration in 9.1 seconds in hybrid mode. The switch between electric and hybrid driving is seamless, while the electric motor's 205Nm of torque from standstill ensures rapid acceleration and instantaneous response to the throttle pedal.
Intelligent fuel-saving and energy-harvesting technologies
The Optima PHEV is equipped with a number of technological innovations to help it use the power in its battery pack in the most efficient way and top up its batteries on the move.
The car's sophisticated technologies include regenerative braking, a driving style guide, an ECO-DAS (ECOnomy Driver Assistance System) featuring Coasting Guide Control, a Drive Mode Select button so that drivers can personalise the powertrain's dynamics, and an HEV (Hybrid Electric Vehicle) Select switch. It also has an intelligent heating, ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC) system to save battery power.
HEV Select gives access to two driving modes via a button in the centre console. In EV (charge depletion) mode the car runs as a purely electric vehicle when the energy stored in the batteries is adequate, and is able to regenerate electrical power on the move to recharge the batteries. The Optima PHEV has an all-electric driving range of up to 33 miles. HEV (charge sustaining) mode allows the powertrain to balance the use of motor and petrol engine for a seamless combination of electric and internal combustion power. In this mode, a greater proportion of propulsion comes from the petrol engine and the charge level of the batteries is constantly being topped up for later use.
The Drive Mode Select gives the driver the choice of Eco and Normal settings to obtain maximum energy efficiency or greater performance. This switch is also located in the centre console. A driving style guide delivers information through the instrument panel about how efficiently the car is being driven so that drivers can adapt their driving style as necessary.
Kia's regenerative braking system, now in third generation guise in the Optima PHEV, allows the car to harvest kinetic energy – energy created by motion – to top up the batteries when coasting or braking.
The advanced HVAC system has been adapted from that in the Soul EV, and permits only the driver's side of the car to be cooled when the other seats are unoccupied to minimise energy usage. It does this through a smart air intake, in contrast to rival systems which merely divert the airflow towards the driver when other vents are closed and consequently do not reduce energy consumption.
A distinctive look and bespoke interior for the Optima PHEV
A package of aerodynamic and styling changes distinguishes the Optima PHEV from other models in the range. Together, these make the PHEV more efficient at cutting through the air, thus saving precious energy, while ensuring that it is instantly recognisable as the most efficient car in the Optima range.
Chief among the aerodynamic improvements is the all-new active air flap grille which automatically closes when engine cooling requirements are at their lowest, so that air passes more efficiently over and around the car. When activated, it lowers the drag coefficient (Cd) of the PHEV to 0.25, rather than the 0.29 of other Optimas. Every small improvement in drag can have a significant effect on fuel consumption, especially at higher speeds. There are also uniquely profiled front and rear bumpers for the PHEV to reduce air turbulence.
Distinguishing features of the PHEV are blue-tinted headlights and chrome enhancements with a metallic blue finish on the lower front air grille, the 'tiger-nose' main grille and the side sills. There are 'ECOplug-in' badges on the front wings, while the recharging port for the batteries is housed in the left front wing.
Otherwise, the PHEV retains the profile and styling which earned the second-generation Optima the ‘Best of the Best’ title in Germany’s Red Dot design competition, matching the success of the first-generation model.
For the PHEV, the standard 8-inch touch-screen features additional menus to help the driver achieve the maximum all-electric driving range. It provides valuable information on the status of the batteries, the location of nearby charging stations, energy use based on driving style and the mileage which can be expected from the energy remaining in the batteries.
Retuned suspension and larger brakes
To compensate for the additional weight of the battery pack, the all-independent suspension of the Optima PHEV has been specially tuned, while the brakes have been enlarged compared with those on the diesel-engined Optima.
The subframe-mounted suspension – featuring MacPherson struts at the front and a multi-link arrangement at the rear, with coil springs and gas-filled shock absorbers all round – remains unchanged, but the springs, dampers and alignment have been retuned. The result is agile handling with the much-improved ride comfort of the latest Optima. For packaging reasons the Optima PHEV features Kia's column-mounted Motor Driven Power Steering (C-MDPS) rather than the rack-mounted (R-MDPS) system fitted to other versions.
To ensure braking performance is at least the equal of other models in the Optima range, the rear brake discs of the plug-in hybrid have been enlarged from the standard 262mm to 300mm.
High-strength body and active safety technologies
The Optima PHEV is built around the same, highly protective crash structure as other models in the range, which earned a five-star rating in Euro NCAP impact tests, and will provide exemplary passive and active safety thanks to its occupant restraint systems and advanced active driver assistance features.
Just over half of the body (51 per cent) is made of advanced high-strength steels, particularly to reinforce the A- and B-pillars, side sills, floor and front wheel arches. Six airbags are fitted as standard.
Electronic Stability Control and Vehicle Stability Management are standard. These can automatically counter any loss of traction when cornering or setting off on surfaces with differing levels of grip from left to right. Hill-start Assist Control, which holds the car when setting off on inclines, is also standard.
The Optima PHEV also features a 270o Around View Monitor which, through three strategically mounted cameras, gives the driver a bird's-eye view of the car when manoeuvring. This is supplemented by a reversing camera and audible front and rear parking sensors.
Market, warranty and after-care
Hybrid sales in the UK and mainland Europe have doubled over the past five years and are expected to reach 700,000 a year by the end of the decade. The Optima PHEV ensures Kia is perfectly positioned to take advantage of this growth.
In keeping with every Kia, the Optima PHEV comes with the company’s unique-in-the-UK seven-year or 100,000-mile warranty, subject to certain wear and tear conditions. The warranty is fully transferable should the car be sold before the time or mileage limits have been reached.
The car is available with Kia’s Care-3 and Care-3 Plus servicing packages, offering retail customers fixed-cost, inflation-proof servicing for the first three or five years. All work is carried out by trained technicians using genuine Kia replacement parts and specified oils. All packages cover the car, not the owner, so are transferable should the vehicle be sold.
2016 볼보 V90 크로스 컨트리(V90 Cross Country) 화보급 사진들 모음입니다.
개인적으론 V90보다 이 모델의 완성도가 더 높아 보입니다.
디자인적으로도 그렇고 최저지상고가 218mm나 되니 어지간한 오프로드 주행성도 SUV 못지 않을 것으로 보입니다.
Volvo Cars, the premium car maker, has unveiled the eagerly awaited V90 Cross Country, completing its 90 Series line-up.
Since the introduction of the first Cross Country almost 20 years ago, Volvo Cars has become synonymous with the rugged all-road, all-weather product category, with a growing stable of Cross Country models.
Volvo Cars’ Cross Country models fulfil an increasingly important part of the Swedish automaker’s product portfolio as luxury car buyers seek out a more experienced-based lifestyle that occasionally takes them off the beaten track.
“The V90 Cross Country takes the elegance of the V90 and transforms it into an all-road car that delivers safety, comfort and performance in a capable and adventurous package,” said Håkan Samuelsson, President & CEO, Volvo Car Group.
With some of the harshest winters on the planet and over 77 per cent of the country covered in forest and lakes, Sweden is the natural place to develop and test extreme durability and all-weather capable cars. This hard-won expertise represents a large part of Volvo Cars’ heritage, reflected in the company’s Cross Country model line-up.
“Our cars are well known for their safety, strength and durability. With All-Wheel Drive, increased ride height, and a chassis optimised for comfort and control in all weather and road conditions, the new V90 Cross Country takes our versatile V90 estate and adds the heart of an explorer,” said Dr Peter Mertens, Senior Vice President Research & Development at Volvo Cars.
With Volvo Cars’ Scalable Product Architecture providing the underpinnings, the V90 Cross Country has undergone rigorous testing to ensure that it can survive the extremes in which it will ultimately find itself.
From secret testing facilities in the frozen north of Sweden, where temperatures regularly hit -40 degrees centigrade to the searing desert heat of Arizona, where Volvo Cars performs its high temperature testing program, the V90 Cross Country has been built to last.
With a design that clearly stands out from the crowd, the V90 Cross Country’s rugged character belies a sumptuous interior that delivers a level of luxury uncommon in the segment, combining all the benefits of the connectivity and entertainment features that were launched with the new S90 and V90, including a high-end sound system by Bowers & Wilkins.
The V90 Cross Country’s exterior design cues communicate the powerful and dynamic capability that the car exemplifies, while offering the flexibility to choose from both rugged and elegant expressions.
“Designing a Volvo Cross Country is not a styling exercise, a plastic job. It is based on honest capability. The Volvo V90 Cross Country brings a surprising and intriguing combination of a strong, powerful exterior and a luxurious, Scandinavian interior. It will continue the genuine tradition of the Volvo Cross Country with a new recipe: The blend of powerful off-road capability in a most elegant, sophisticated, tailored wagon suit,” said Thomas Ingenlath, Senior Vice President Design at Volvo Cars.
The new V90 Cross Country takes this well-established segment to a new level of comfort-inspired capability. Production of the car is set to start this autumn at Volvo Cars Torslanda Plant in Sweden.